Psilocybe Cubensis b+ Mushroom Spores – b+ Mushrooms Syringe
b+ Mushrooms & Psilocybe Cubensis Spores – b+ Strain
Our b+ spores syringe microscopy kit includes 10ml of authentic b+ spores in a cubensis spore syringe, individually packaged, with a sterile needle included. We offer premium b+ spores for sale, however b+ psilocybe cubensis spores sales will be declined to the states of California, Georgia, and Idaho.
b+ mushroom spores from Qualityspores.store are intended ONLY for microscopy and taxonomy purposes. The cubensis spores images shown for b+ mushrooms and other psilocybe cubensis spores are informational only and originate from other cultivators and labs outside the USA. Cultivation is illegal in many countries including the United States. The purpose of this site is not to grow psilocybin mushrooms or b+ cubensis spores or b+ mushroom spores.
Among Psilocybe cubensis strains, the b+ spore strain is perhaps the most popular in the world among psilocybin containing mushrooms grown my mushroom cultivators. Easily contending with longtime favorites like Golden Teacher Mushrooms spores or the or Penis Envy Shrooms spores, this strain of psilocybin mushroom spores is best known for its ease of study, strong constitution, and mild potency under the microscope. Students using our b+ mushroom grow kit advice will love to see the b+ spore syringe spores as one of the most recognizable fungi in the world – mycologists the world over have marveled at its size in the wild. Let’s learn a little bit more about the b+ Psilocybe cubensis strain.
What Do b+ Mushroom Spores Look Like After Growing Wild?
The most notable characteristic of a wild b+ Psilocybe cubensis is its size – in nature, these specimens can grow quite large. The b+ mushrooms caps caps have a golden-caramel coloration, which adorn a thick pale white or yellow stem. Among fast-growing psilocybin mushrooms, this strain is known for its propensity to propagate itself with heavy spore deposits. Cubensis spores grow naturally in warm, humid grasslands.
Would You Recommend Studying b+ Spores For a Beginner?
Thanks to its beautiful microstructures and ease of study, B+ spores are a frequent recommendation for beginner microscopists. You’ll find with using our cubensis b+ spore syringe products that studying this robust, hardy spore strain can actually be easier than many other strains. This is especially true considering that Qualityspores.store only ships the best psilocybe cubensis spores on the market – you can buy b+ spores that are contaminant-free and viable for immediate under-the-microscope study.
Study a Part of Human History With This b+ Cubensis Mushroom Spores Strain
Psilocybe cubensis strains like b+ have been around for a long, long time. Used by indigenous people around the world in medicines and spiritual rituals, mycologists suspect that the use of psychoactive mushrooms likely dates back over 10,000 years—possibly much, much more. Some of the earliest records of Psilocybe cubensis (or at least very similar) strains like b+ were featured in rock paintings dating back some 9,000 years in the Sahara Desert.
As an amateur microscopist, you know that the study of mushroom spores means so much more than simply what you see under the microscope. These fascinating psilocybe cubensis b+ shrooms are organisms providing a method to glimpse into the past of humanity, and perhaps the future too. We offer many scientific articles to learn more about how psilocybin mushroom spore strains like B+ have impacted people throughout the ages.
Order Viable b Mushrooms Spores, Contaminant-Free Psilocybe Cubensis b+ Spores Ready to Study at Quality Spores
For our b+ psilocybe cubensis spores or quality shroom spores from premium psilocybe cubensis spore syringe containers information, the #1 mission is to provide you with the best customer service you’ve ever experienced while doing business with a psilocybe cubensis spore vendor. It shouldn’t be hard to buy psilocybin mushroom spores online, but unfortunately, as you might already know, it so often is. It is our sincere goal to change that about this industry starting with our premium b mushrooms strain, because we genuinely care about making sure that you get the best possible product.
Our team of experts have been involved in the amateur microscopy hobby for years, so we know exactly what you need: clean, non-contaminated spore syringes with high quality, viable specimens ready to be studied the moment you get them. Premium psilocybe spore syringe products are purchased with confidence for maximum premium quality.
Fungi propagate their genetic code through the dispersion of spores, and are whats called "saphotrophic" organisms (meaning that they survive by consuming nutrients from their environment)(mostly in the form of detritus and decaying material). Therefore they play a crucial role in the health of any ecosystem, as they are the primary decomposers of both plant debris like cellulose/lignin, and dead/decomposing animal tissue. Furthermore, they have extraordinary capacity to recycle/decompose toxic material, from petroleum oils, to nuclear waste.
The benefits which Fungi provide are not limited to the ecosystem level, they can also have significant benefit to the individual. Several edible/gourmet species (Lions Mane and Shiitake in particular) promote increased cognitive, cardiovascular, and mental health, while Psychoactive varieties (Psilocybe Cubensis in particular) have shown remarkable results in the treatment of many psychological and physical conditions, including but not limited to; Depression, Anxiety, Addiction, Alzheimers, PTSD, OCD, Chronic Pain,
These benefits have catalyzed many to learn how to grow mushrooms, and the greatest information repository known to man (the internet) is filled with forum posts and tutorials. Unfortunately many of these tutorials often leave out key parts of the mushroom growing process. Many online “how-to’s” overlook important details, do not explain why certain parts of the process need to be done, and neglect to include important tips that can drastically increase success rates.
Our tutorials have been designed in conjunction with our easy-to-use products, showing you exactly what to do when you receive one of our mushroom growing kits, or any of the individual products that make up a mushroom grow kit.
Tip #1: Before delving into the process of indoor cultivation, you should first understand the mushroom life cycle under natural conditions.
If mushroom spores are successfully dispersed in an environment with sufficient nutrients and specific environmental conditions, they will germinate, begin to utilize available nutrients, and form what is called “mycelium”.
Mushroom mycelium consists of a mass of branching root-like strands, each strand a single cell thick, called Hyphae. Mycelium can be described as the vegetative portion of a fungus (where all nutrients and energy are put towards growth instead of reproduction). Mushroom mycelium will continue to grow and spread as long as nutrients are available, and as long as the environmental conditions are congruent with this “stage” of the mushroom life cycle. This part of the life cycle (where the mycelium is growing but no mushrooms growing) is often called “spawning” or “colonization” (we offer products like master cultures and the master culture mushroom grow kit that contain already colonized spawn)
The next step in the mushroom growing process happens once the mycelium has “colonized” its medium (utilized most of the nutrients available). At this point (under natural conditions) changes in environmental conditions (like temperature, light, & humidity) trigger mycelium to switch from a “colonization” state to a “fruiting” state. It is in this fruiting state that mushrooms grow out of the mycelial mat, and mushrooms will continue to sprout until all available nutrients and moisture in the environment are used, or environmental conditions are changed back to conditions congruent with a colonization state.
Tip #2: When growing mushrooms in an indoor environment certain steps can be taken to increase potency, colonization speed, and yield.
Most people will begin growing magic mushrooms with a mushroom spore syringe (or a spore syringe mushroom grow kit -which is actually NOT recommended for beginners)(Instead we recommend beginners start with a Master Culture Grow Kit) because spores are not the easiest, or the most efficient way to grow magic mushrooms.
Advanced mycologists can clone tissue from exceptionally nice mushrooms by placing a tissue sample in an *agar medium*. This process (called “isolation”) creates a culture that has a narrow (and known-good) genetic profile, which results in faster ‘colonization’ time, higher yield, larger fruiting bodies (mushrooms), and increased potency.
*Agar is a high-nutrient gelatinous medium, the caveat to working with isolations/agar is that a “flow hood” is highly recommended. (a flow hood consists of a HEPA filter enclosed in a box with a fan situated opposite the filter. This allows filtered are to be continually blown over your workspace)*
Further isolation from the initial mushroom tissue sample can be done on agar by selecting especially strong mycelial strands and propagating these onto another agar petri dish. All Spores Lab agar cultures are isolates, and will reliably produce better results than inoculating with a spore syringe (which has significantly more genetic variability)(our master cultures and master culture mushroom grow kits are also all isolate cultures)
Another way in which yield can be increased when growing mushrooms indoors is through the addition of a high-nutrient & high water-retention “fruiting substrate” when the mycelium has completely colonized its initial medium. Mushrooms will fruit directly out of a spawn medium if given the right conditions, however when the fruiting substrate is added yields are significantly increased.
Typically a fruiting medium/substrate is composed of inputs that provide nutrients (like worm castings), beneficial microorganisms ( like manure/worm castings/frass), and high-water retention ( like vermiculite & peat-moss). If you want to use our recipe, it can be found here, and alterniatviely we sell a pre-mixed mushroom fruiting substrate.
Tip #3: The importance of STERILITY
When you grow mushrooms, you aim to create a perfect environment for fungal growth. Unfortunately this environment is also ideal for bacterial spread, or the spread of other unwanted fungi. Every cubic meter of air (in an unfiltered environment) contains millions of fungal and bacterial spores, and each of these spores can potentially compete with your desired spores/culture if you allow it to.
You must take extreme care to clean/disinfect all the surfaces, tools, and body parts that will come into contact, or even come near your mushroom culture. This is also why colonization and fruiting mediums must be sterilized/pasteurized in a pressure cooker, why we include disinfectant in our mushroom growing kits, and why a Flow hood is so important when growing mushrooms at scale.
To learn more about mushroom growing in general, and our growing process in specific, check out our free video and written tutorials by clicking one of the buttons below.
1 spore syringe contains several millions of spores, dissolved in 10 ml of sterile water.GMO-free (genetically modified organisms), contains no additives and/or preservatives.
1 spore print consists of several millions of spores on a sterile aluminium sheet.GMO-free (genetically modified organisms), contains no additives and/or preservatives.
Store in a dark, cool and dry place and use within one year after delivery!
Spores: purplish brown to dark brown, 11.5 - 17 x 8 - 11 µm, ellipsoid
Habitat and distribution in nature:
Rye grain, wheat straw, horse or cow manure. This species can be found in the subtropical and tropical climate zones all around the globe under the following conditions: Spawn run: 28 °C | Primordia formation: 23.3 - 25.6 °C | Fruiting: 23 - 26 °C
Product safety information:
For microscopic tutorial only! The fruitbodies of this species are not for human and animal consumption! Toxicity: poisonous. For delivery in some countries you will need an extra import permit: California, Russia, Switzerland and others. Please note the regulations in your area before placing an order.
|Shipping weight:||0,05 Kg|
Magic Mushroom Spores from Around the World
We offer edible mushroom cultures, Psilocybe cubensis Spores and Exotic Mushroom Spores in spore syringes and spore prints.
Psilocybe Cubensis Magic Mushroom Spore Syringes and Spore Prints
For more than 20 years, Lil' Shop of Spores has been a leading purveyor of exotic magic mushroom spores from around the world. With quality being our top priority, we may be a little more than some of the other discount magic mushroom spore vendors, but our years of customer feedback can't be wrong.
Lil' Shop of Spores currently carries more than 60 of the most popular Psilocybe cubensis spore strains. With all time magic mushroom spore classics, we have a strain for every spore collector. Our Psilocybe cubensis spore syringes and spore prints are loaded with spores and second to none. Depending on availability, check out the exotic magic mushroom spore strains Panaeolus Cyanescens or Psilocybe tampanensis.
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Your mycology samples have far surpassed my expectations. My experience with other sport companies that they sell very weak spores. And you have a very timely delivery system which I appreciate. Keep up the good work.
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Welcome to Premium Spores! We are a leading provider of Psilocybe cubensis mushroom spores and edible liquid culture syringes.
All Cubensis and Mexicana Mushroom Spores sold on this website are intended for microscopic research and identification purposes only. Our goal at PremiumSpores.com is to provide the highest quality Mushrooms Spores possible, we take every step necessary to assure you are satisfied.
Mushroom spores are not intended for human consumption. We will not ship Psilocybe cubensis and Psilocybe Mexicana spore syringes to residents residing in Georgia or Idaho, as it is illegal to ship our spore syringes to those states. Any order placed requesting these spores shipped to these states will be refused, voided, or refunded.
This site contains links to other sites for growing information; we in no way endorse the information contained on those sites. Do not inquire about instructions for growing Cubensis Mushrooms. We do not have and we will not provide that type of information. Any buyer that mentions intent to use our products for cultivation or harvesting of Cubensis (Magic) Mushrooms will have their order canceled and be denied purchasing privileges.
Species of fungus
Psilocybe cubensis is a species of psychedelic mushroom whose principal active compounds are psilocybin and psilocin. Commonly called shrooms, magic mushrooms, golden halos, cubes, or gold caps, it belongs to the fungus family Hymenogastraceae and was previously known as Stropharia cubensis. It is the most well known psilocybin mushroom due to its wide distribution and ease of cultivation.
Taxonomy and naming
The species was first described in 1906 as Stropharia cubensis by American mycologist Franklin Sumner Earle in Cuba. In 1907 it was identified as Naematoloma caerulescens in Tonkin (now northern Vietnam) by French pharmacist and mycologist Narcisse Théophile Patouillard, while in 1941 it was called Stropharia cyanescens by William Alphonso Murrill near Gainesville in Florida. German-born mycologist Rolf Singer moved the species into the genus Psilocybe in 1949, giving it the binomial name Psilocybe cubensis. The synonyms were later also assigned to the species Psilocybe cubensis.
The name Psilocybe is derived from the Ancient Greek roots psilos (ψιλος) and kubê (κυβη), and translates as "bare head". Cubensis means "coming from Cuba", and refers to the type locality published by Earle.
Singer divided P. cubensis into three varieties: the nominate, which usually had a brownish cap, Murrill's cyanescens from Florida, which generally had a pale cap, and var caeurulascens from Indochina with a more yellowish cap.
Psilocybe cubensis is commonly known as gold top, golden top or gold cap in Australia, and San Ysidro or Palenque mushroom in the United States and Mexico, while the term "magic mushroom" has been applied to hallucinogenic mushrooms in general. A common name in Thai is "Hed keequai", which translates as "mushroom which appears after water buffalo defecates".
The cap is 1.6–8 cm (0.6–3.1 in), conic to convex with a central papilla when young, becoming broadly convex to plane with age, retaining a slight umbo sometimes surrounded by a ring-shaped depression. The cap surface is smooth and sticky, sometimes with white universal veil remnants attached. The cap is brown becoming paler to almost white at the margin, and fades to more golden-brown or yellowish with age. When bruised, all parts of the mushroom stain blue. The narrow grey gills are adnate to adnexed, sometimes seceding attachment, and darken to purplish-black and somewhat mottled with age. The gill edges remain whitish. The hollow white stipe is 4–15 cm (2–6 in) high by 0.4–1.4 cm (0.2–0.6 in) thick, becoming yellowish in age. The well-developed veil leaves a persistent white membranous ring whose surface usually becomes the same colour as the gills because of falling spores. The mushroom has no odor, and tastes farinaceous. The spores are 11.5–17.3 x 8–11.5 µm, subellipsoid, basidia 4-spored but sometimes 2- or 3-, pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia present.
The related species Psilocybe subcubensis—found in tropical regions—is indistinguishable but has smaller spores.
Distribution and habitat
Psilocybe cubensis is a pan-tropical species, occurring in the Gulf Coast states and southeastern United States, Mexico, in the Central American countries of Belize, Costa Rica, and Guatemala, the Caribbean countries Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Guadalupe, Martinique, and Trinidad, in the South American countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru, Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and Malaysia, India, Australia (including Tasmania), New Zealand, Fiji, and possibly Nepal and Hawaii.
Psilocybe cubensis is found on cow (and occasionally horse) dung, sugar cane mulch or rich pasture soil, with mushrooms appearing from February to December in the northern hemisphere, and November to April in the southern hemisphere. In Asia, the species grows on water buffalo dung. Along with other fungi that grow on cow dung, P. cubensis is thought to have colonised Australia with the introduction of cattle there, 1800 of which were on the Australian mainland by 1803—having been transported there from the Cape of Good Hope, Kolkata and the American west coast. In Australia, the species grows between northern Queensland to southern New South Wales.
In March 2018, several Psilocybe cubensis specimens were collected in Zimbabwe in the Wedza District of Mashonaland East province, approx. 120 km south-east of Harare. This was the first reported occurrence of a psilocybin mushroom in Zimbabwe. The mushrooms were collected on Imire Rhino & Wildlife Conservation - a nature reserve that is home to both wildlife and cattle, as well as cattle egrets.
Psychedelic and entheogenic use
Singer noted that Psilocybe cubensis had psychoactive properties in 1949.
In Australia, use of psychoactive mushrooms grew rapidly between 1969 and 1975.
In a 1992 paper, locals and tourists in Thailand were reported to consume P. cubensis and related species in mushroom omelettes—particularly in Ko Samui and Ko Pha-ngan. At times, omelettes were adulterated with LSD, resulting in prolonged intoxication. A thriving subculture had developed in the region. Other localities, such as Hat Yai, Ko Samet and Chiang Mai, also had some reported usage.
P. cubensis is probably the most widely known of the psilocybin-containing mushrooms used for triggering psychedelic experiences after ingestion. Its major psychoactive compounds are:
The concentrations of psilocin and psilocybin, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, are in the range of 0.14–0.42% and 0.37–1.30% (dry weight) in the whole mushroom, 0.17–0.78% and 0.44–1.35% in the cap, and 0.09 and 0.30%/0.05–1.27% in the stem, respectively.
Individual brain chemistry and psychological predisposition play a significant role in determining appropriate doses. For a modest psychedelic effect, a minimum of one gram of dried Psilocybe cubensis mushrooms is ingested orally, 0.25–1 gram is usually sufficient to produce a mild effect, 1–2.5 grams usually provides a moderate effect, and 2.5 grams and higher usually produces strong effects. For most people, 3.5 dried grams (1/8 oz) would be considered a high dose and may produce an intense experience; this is, however, typically considered a standard dose among recreational users. For many individuals, doses above three grams may be overwhelming. For a few rare people, doses as small as 0.25 gram can produce full-blown effects normally associated with very high doses. For most people, however, that dose level would result in virtually no effects. Due to factors such as age and storage method, the psilocybin content of a given sample of mushrooms will vary. Effects usually start after approximately 20–60 minutes (depending on method of ingestion and stomach contents) and may last from four to ten hours, depending on dosage. Visual distortions often occur, including walls that seem to breathe, a vivid enhancement of colors and the animation of organic shapes.
The effects of very high doses can be overwhelming depending on the particular phenotype of cubensis, grow method, and the individual. It is recommended not to eat wild mushrooms without properly identifying them as they may be poisonous. In particular, similar species include mushrooms of the genus Galerina and Pholiotina rugosa—all potentially deadly—and Chlorophyllum molybdites. All of these grow in pastures—similar habitat to that preferred by P. cubensis.
In 2019, a 15-year-old boy suffered from transient kidney failure after eating P. cubensis from a cultivation kit in Canada. His two colleagues suffered no ill effects.
Main article: Legal status of psilocybin mushrooms
Psilocybin and psilocin are listed as Schedule I drugs under the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. However, mushrooms containing psilocybin and psilocin are not illegal in some parts of the world. For example, in Brazil they are legal, but extractions from the mushroom containing psilocybin and psilocin remain illegal. In the United States, growing or possessing Psilocybe cubensis mushrooms is illegal in all states, but it is legal to possess and buy the spores for microscopy purposes. However, as of May 8, 2019 Denver, Colorado has decriminalized it for those 21 and up. On June 4, 2019, Oakland, California followed suit, decriminalizing psilocybin containing mushrooms as well as the Peyote cactus. On January 29, 2020, Santa Cruz, California decriminalized naturally-occurring psychedelics, including psilocybin mushrooms. On November 3, 2020, the state of Oregon decriminalized possession of psilocybin mushrooms for recreational use and granted licensed practitioners permission to administer psilocybin mushrooms to individuals age 21 years and older.
In 1978, the Florida Supreme Court ruled in Fiske vs Florida that possession of psilocybin mushrooms is not illegal, in that the mushrooms cannot be considered a "container" for psilocybin based on how the law is written, i.e., it does not specifically state that psilocybin mushrooms themselves are illegal, but that the hallucinogenic constituents in them are. According to this decision, the applicable statute as framed imparts no information as to which plants may contain psilocybin in its natural state, and does not advise a person of ordinary intelligence that this substance is contained in a particular variety of mushroom. The statute, therefore, can not constitutionally be applied to the appellant.
Personal-scale cultivation of Psilocybe cubensis mushrooms ranges from the relatively simple and small-scale PF Tek and other "cake" methods, that produce a limited amount of mushrooms, to advanced techniques utilizing methods of professional mushroom cultivators. These advanced methods require a greater investment of time, money, and knowledge, but reward the diligent cultivator with far larger and much more consistent harvests.
Terence and Dennis McKenna made Psilocybe cubensis particularly famous when they published Psilocybin: The Magic Mushroom Grower's Guide in the 1970s upon their return from the Amazon rainforest, having deduced new methods (based on pre-existing techniques originally described by J.P. San Antonio) for growing psilocybin mushrooms and assuring their audience that Psilocybe cubensis were amongst the easiest psilocybin-containing mushrooms to cultivate.
Potency of cultivated specimens can vary widely in accordance with each flush (harvest). In a classic paper published by Jeremy Bigwood and M.W. Beug, it was shown that with each flush, psilocybin levels varied somewhat unpredictably but were much the same on the first flush as they were on the last flush; however, psilocin was typically absent in the first two flushes but peaked by the fourth flush, making it the most potent. Two strains were also analyzed to determine potency in caps and stems: In one strain the caps contained generally twice as much psilocybin as the stems, but the small amount of psilocin present was entirely in the stems. In the other strain, a trace of psilocin was present in the cap but not in the stem; the cap and stem contained equal amounts of psilocybin. The study concluded that the levels of psilocybin and psilocin vary by over a factor of four in cultures of Psilocybe cubensis grown under controlled conditions.
Relationship with cattle
Because Psilocybe cubensis is intimately associated with cattle ranching, the fungus has found unique dispersal niches not available to most other members of the family Hymenogastraceae. Of particular interest is the cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis), a colonizer of Old World origin (via S. America), whose range of distribution overlaps much of that of Psilocybe cubensis. Cattle egrets typically walk alongside cattle, preying on insects; they track through spore-laden vegetation and cow dung, and transfer the spores to suitable habitat, often thousands of miles away during migration activities. This type of spore dispersal is known as zoochory, and it enables a parent species to propagate over a much greater range than it could achieve alone. The relationship between cattle, cattle egrets, and Psilocybe cubensis is an example of symbiosis—a situation in which dissimilar organisms live together in close association.
As a human pathogen
One case of Psilocybe cubensis-induced fungemia has been reported, in which a 30-year-old individual prepared then injected an underprocessed decoction of fungal matter intravenously, which proceeded to develop into an infection.
- ^Earle, Franklin Summer (1906). "Algunos hongos cubanos". Información Anual Estación Central Agronomica Cuba (in Spanish). 1: 225–242 [240–241].
- ^Patouillard, Narcisse Théophile (1907). "Champignons nouveaux du Tonkin". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 23 (1).
- ^Murrill, William Alphonso (1941). "Some Florida Novelties". Mycologia. 33 (3): 279–287. doi:10.2307/3754763. JSTOR 3754763.
- ^ abcGuzmán, Gastón (2009). "The Hallucinogenic Mushrooms: Diversity, Traditions, Use and Abuse with Special Reference to the Genus Psilocybe". Fungi from Different Environments(PDF). Enfield, New Hampshire: Science Publishers. pp. 269–290. ISBN .
- ^"Naematoloma caerulescens Pat. 1907". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^"Stropharia cyanescens Murrill 1941". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^Cornelis, Schrevel (1826). Schrevelius' Greek lexicon, tr. into Engl. with numerous corrections. p. 358. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- ^ abcdSinger, Rolf; Smith, Alexander H. (1958). "Mycological Investigations on Teonanácatl, the Mexican Hallucinogenic Mushroom. Part II. A Taxonomic Monograph of Psilocybe, Section Caerulescentes". Mycologia. 50 (2): 262–303. doi:10.2307/3756197. JSTOR 3756197.
- ^ abcdAllen, John W.; Merlin, Mark D.; Jansen, Karl L.R. (1991). "An Ethnomycological Review of Psychoactive Agarics in Australia and New Zealand". Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 23 (1): 39–69. doi:10.1080/02791072.1991.10472573. PMID 1941366.
- ^ abcdeAllen, John W.; Merlin, Mark D. (1992). "Psychoactive mushroom use in Koh Samui and Koh Pha-Ngan, Thailand". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 35 (3): 205–228. doi:10.1016/0378-8741(92)90020-R. PMID 1548895.
- ^Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Ten Speed Press. pp. g. 108. ISBN .
- ^ abGuzmán, Gaston; Allen, John W.; Gartz, Jochen (1998). "A worldwide geographical distribution of the neurotropic fungi, an analysis and discussion"(PDF). Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto. 14: 207.
- ^"Mushroom Observer". mushroomobserver.org. Retrieved 2021-02-23.
- ^Tsujikawa, Kenji; Kanamori, Tatsuyuki; Iwata, Yuko; Ohmae, Yoshihito; Sugita, Ritsuko; Inoue, Hiroyuki; Kishi, Tohru (December 2003). "Morphological and chemical analysis of magic mushrooms in Japan". Forensic Science International. 138 (1–3): 85–90. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.009. PMID 14642723.
- ^Erowid (2006). "Erowid Psilocybin Mushroom Vault: Dosage"(shtml). Erowid. Retrieved 2006-11-26.
- ^Phillips, Roger (2010). Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 231. ISBN .
- ^Austin, Emily; Myron, Hilary S.; Summerbell, Richard K.; MacKenzie, Constance A. (2019). "Acute renal injury cause by confirmed Psilocybe cubensis mushroom ingestion". Medical Mycology Case Reports. 23: 55–57. doi:10.1016/j.mmcr.2018.12.007. PMC 6322052. PMID 30627509.
- ^"List of psychotropic substances under international control"(PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. August 2003. Archived from the original(PDF) on 5 December 2005. Retrieved 25 June 2007.
- ^"Breaking: Santa Cruz City Council Votes to Decriminalize Entheogenic Plants and Fungi". DoubleBlind Magazine. 2020-01-29. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- ^"Oregon measure 109". Ballotpedia.org. Ballotpedia. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
- ^"Oregon measure 110". Ballotpedia.org. Ballotpedia. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
- ^"Fiske v. State". Justia Law. Archived from the original on 19 September 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- ^"Florida Court Rules Psilocybin Mushrooms Are Not a 'Container' for Psilocybin Based on How the Law is Written". Psychedelic Science Review. 2020. Archived from the original on 21 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- ^Antonio, James P. San (January 1971). "A Laboratory Method to Obtain Fruit from Cased Grain Spawn of the Cultivated Mushoom, Agaricus Bisporus". Mycologia. 63 (1): 16–21. doi:10.1080/00275514.1971.12019077. PMID 5102274.
- ^"Terence McKenna's books in print". Retrieved December 17, 2015.
- ^Bigwood, Jeremy; Beug, Michael W. (1 May 1982). "Variation of psilocybin and psilocin levels with repeated flushes (harvests) of mature sporocarps of Psilocybe cubensis (earle) singer". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 5 (3): 287–291. doi:10.1016/0378-8741(82)90014-9. PMID 7201054.
- ^O.T. Oss, O.N. Oeric. Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower's Guide, page 20. Quick American Press (1991).
- ^Smith, D. "The cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis): colonizer of Old World origin and a vector of Psilocybe cubensis spores." Stain Blue Press, Spring, Texas (1996). http://www.stainblue.com/cubensis.html
- ^Giancola, Nicholas B.; Korson, Clayton J.; Caplan, Jason P.; McKnight, Curtis A. (11 January 2021). "A 'trip' to the ICU: intravenous injection of psilocybin". Journal of the Academy of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry. doi:10.1016/j.jaclp.2020.12.012. PII S266729602030015X.[unreliable source?]
- Guzman, G. The Genus Psilocybe: A Systematic Revision of the Known Species Including the History, Distribution and Chemistry of the Hallucinogenic Species. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia Heft 74. J. Cramer, Vaduz, Germany (1983) [now out of print].
- Guzman, G. "Supplement to the genus Psilocybe." Bibliotheca Mycologica 159: 91-141 (1995).
- Haze, Virginia & Dr, K. Mandrake, PhD. The Psilocybin Mushroom Bible: The Definitive Guide to Growing and Using Magic Mushrooms. Green Candy Press: Toronto, Canada, 2016. ISBN 978-1937866-28-0. www.greencandypress.com.
- Nicholas, L.G.; Ogame, Kerry (2006). Psilocybin Mushroom Handbook: Easy Indoor and Outdoor Cultivation. Quick American Archives. ISBN .
- Oss, O.T.; O.N. Oeric (1976). Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower's Guide. Quick American Publishing Company. ISBN .
- Stamets, Paul; Chilton, J.S. (1983). Mushroom Cultivator, The. Olympia: Agarikon Press. ISBN .
- Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN .
- ^Stamets, Paul (1983). The Mushroom Cultivator. Olympia, Washington, 98507, USA: Agarikon Press. ISBN .CS1 maint: location (link)
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