Ford F-Series (thirteenth generation)
Main article: Ford F-Series
|Thirteenth-generation Ford F-Series (P552)|
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Also called||Ford Lobo (Mexico)|
Sutton CS 3000 (Malaysia, regular)
Sutton CS 3500 (Malaysia, Raptor)
|Production||November 11, 2014–September 2020 (Dearborn)|
|Class||Full-size pickup truck|
|Platform||Ford T platform (T3)|
|Related||Ford Atlas concept|
Ford Super Duty (P558)
Ford Raptor (from 2017)
|Transmission||6-speed Ford 6R80 automatic|
10-speed Ford 10R80 automatic
|Width||79.9 in (2,029 mm)|
|Height||75.2–76.9 in (1,910–1,953 mm)|
|Successor||Ford F-Series fourteenth generation (MY 2021-present)|
The thirteenth-generation Ford F-Series is a range of pickup trucks produced by Ford. Introduced for the 2015 model year, this generation of the F-Series is the first aluminum-intensive vehicle produced on a large scale by an American vehicle manufacturer. For the 2017 model year, the fourth-generation Super Duty line adopted the cab design of the F-150, consolidating the cab design for the first time on Ford light-duty trucks (F-550 and below) for the first time since the 1996 model year; the Super Duty trucks still retain separate bodywork and a higher-GVWR frame.
After a two-year hiatus, a second generation of the Ford Raptor made its return for 2017 as a high-performance variant of the F-150, dropping the SVT prefix). In Mexico, the F-Series XL trim is marketed as the F-150, XLT and higher trims are named Lobo (Wolf in Spanish). The Mexican-market Lincoln Mark LT was discontinued completely, replaced by the Limited and Platinum trims sold elsewhere.
The thirteenth-generation F-Series is produced by Ford in Claycomo, Missouri (Kansas City Assembly) alongside the Ford Transit van and at Dearborn, Michigan (Dearborn Truck Plant).
The thirteenth-generation F-Series was unveiled at the 2014 North American International Auto Show on January 13, 2014. A number of safety technologies and driver assistance features were introduced as options, including: 360° camera, adaptive cruise control, collision warning with brake support, blind spot information system (BLIS) with cross-traffic alert, and a lane-keeping system.
While not the first aluminum-bodied vehicle developed by Ford (the company developed 40 aluminum-bodied Mercury Sable prototypes in 1993, reducing curb weight by 400 pounds), the F-Series was the first Ford aluminum-bodied vehicle to make it to production. While changing the metal composition of the best-selling vehicle in the United States, 85% of the parts of the vehicle were domestically-sourced (as of 2016).
When the F-150 was equipped with the optional 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine and two-wheel drive, it was able to comply with proposed future CAFE standards through 2024 without any modifications.
While nearly all body panels of the F-150 were converted from steel to aluminum construction (the only significant sheetmetal component constructed of steel is the firewall), the frame remained of steel construction, the use of high-strength steel in the frame was increased from 23% to 77%. To showcase the durability of the aluminum-intensive design, Ford entered prototypes of the model disguised as 12th generation F150s in the Baja 1000.
The F-Series underwent a revision of its powertrain offerings, largely to expand its range of both powerful and fuel-efficient engines. As the entry-level V6, a 3.5 L Ti-VCT V6 replaced the previous 3.7 L V6; though lower in output, the redesign offered a better power-to-weight ratio. The 3.5 L EcoBoost made its return, joined by the 5.0 L flex-fuel V8; as the Raptor had gone on hiatus, the 6.2 L V8 became exclusive to Super Duty trucks. Slotted between the two 3.5 L V6 engines, a 2.7 L EcoBoost V6 was introduced; unrelated to the larger EcoBoost engine, it is shared with the Ford Fusion and Lincoln Continental.
For model year 2017, the 3.5 L EcoBoost engine underwent a redesign, increasing its output to 375 hp (450 hp for the Raptor); along with adding supplementary port fuel injection, the engine introduced auto start/stop capability. For model year 2018, the model line received three all-new engines, as a 3.3 L V6 replaced the naturally-aspirated 3.5 L V6 and the 2.7 L EcoBoost V6 was redesigned (adopting many of the changes from the 3.5 L EcoBoost engine). For the first time, a diesel engine was offered in the F-150, as a 250 hp 3.0 L PowerStroke V6 was introduced during the model year, dependent on trim (commercial and fleet sales only, for XL and XLT trim). For 2019, the 450 hp version of the 3.5 L engine was introduced to the flagship Limited trim.
As with the previous generation, the F-Series is offered solely with automatic transmissions. At initial launch, a 6-speed Ford 6R80 automatic was paired with all four engines. As part of the introduction of the 2017 Raptor, a 10-speed Ford 10R80 automatic (the first 10-speed transmission in a non-commercial vehicle) was paired to its 3.5 L EcoBoost V6. For model year 2018, the 10-speed automatic was paired to both EcoBoost engines, the Powerstroke diesel, and the 5.0 L V8 (with only the 3.3 L V6 paired to the 6-speed automatic).
|Engine name||Configuration||Model years||Output||VIN 8th digit||Transmission|
|3.3 L CycloneV6||204 cu in (3.3 L) V6||2018–2020||290 hp (216 kW) at 6,500 rpm||265 lb⋅ft (359 N⋅m) at 4,000 rpm||8||6-speed automatic Ford 6R80|
|3.5 L Cyclone V6||213 cu in (3.5 L) V6||2015–2017||282 hp (210 kW) at 6,500 rpm||253 lb⋅ft (343 N⋅m) at 4,000 rpm||8||6-speed automatic Ford 6R80|
|2.7 L EcoBoost (Nano) V6||164 cu in (2.7 L) V6 twin-turbocharged||2015–2017||325 hp (242 kW) at 5,750 rpm||375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m) at 3,000 rpm||P||6-speed automatic Ford 6R80|
|166 cu in (2.7 L) V6 twin-turbocharged||2018–2020||325 hp (242 kW) at 5,000 rpm||400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m) at 2,750 rpm||P||10-speed 10R80SelectShift automatic|
|3.5 L EcoBoost (D35) V6||213 cu in (3.5 L) V6 twin-turbocharged||2015–2016||365 hp (272 kW) at 5,000 rpm||420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m) at 2,500 rpm||G||6-speed automatic Ford 6R80|
|2017–2020||375 hp (280 kW) at 5,000 rpm||470 lb⋅ft (637 N⋅m) at 3,500 rpm||G||10-speed 10R80 automatic|
|450 hp (336 kW) at 5,000 rpm||510 lb⋅ft (691 N⋅m) at 3,500 rpm||G|
|5.0 L CoyoteV8||302.1 cu in (5.0 L) V8||2015–2017||385 hp (287 kW) at 5,750 rpm||387 lb⋅ft (525 N⋅m) at 3,850 rpm||F||6-speed automatic Ford 6R80|
|307 cu in (5.0 L) V8||2018–2020||395 hp (295 kW) at 5,750 rpm||400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m) at 4,500 rpm||F||10-speed 10R80 automatic|
|3.0 L PowerStroke V6||183 cu in (3.0 L) diesel V6 single turbocharger||2018–2020||250 hp (186 kW) at 3,250 rpm||440 lb⋅ft (597 N⋅m) at 1,750 rpm||1||10-speed automatic|
In line with its predecessor, the thirteenth-generation F-150 is sold with three cab configurations (two-door standard cab, 2+2 door SuperCab, four-door SuperCrew), with rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive (4×4). Three bed lengths are available (dependent on cab configuration): 5.5 ft (1.7 m) (SuperCrew, all Raptors), 6.5 ft (2.0 m) (all except Raptor), 8 ft (2.4 m) (regular cab, SuperCab).
The 2015 F-150 marked several design departures from previous F-Series model lines. While the cab design saw largely evolutionary styling changes, the rectangular grille adopted a trapezoidal shape, flanked by C-shaped headlamp units. Using LED headlights for the first time, designers used polycarbonatethermoplastic optics to focus the beams, with one LED for each beam and an orange thermoplastic light pipe (doubling as the turn signal). Coupled with the headlamps, the taillamps adopted LED technology, also housing the blind spot monitor; these systems were not typically included on pickup trucks because the system could not be packaged inside steel bumpers typically found on pickup trucks. The tailgate was redesigned; along with retaining its fold-out step functionality, the tailgate was redesigned, adopting several different styles (dependent on trim).
2015 F-150 Lariat SuperCab
2016 F-150 Limited SuperCrew
For 2018, the F-150 underwent a mid-cycle model revision, adopting several design features from the Super Duty model line. The trapezoidal grille was replaced by an octagonal grille; the three-bar styling was replaced by a wide two-bar configuration (with a larger Ford Blue Oval emblem). The tailgate saw minor changes, with an embossed "F-150" emblem replacing the previous stamped-metal logo; the taillamps saw a minor revision. Several appearance packages were introduced for the XL, XLT, and Lariat trims.
To comply with 2018 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, all 2018 F-150 models received a standard rear-view backup camera.
In comparison to the exterior, the interior of the 2018 F-150 saw fewer visible changes, with most revisions focused on its infotainment systems. Sync was updated to Sync 3; on select models, the system provides remote access, service information, and other vehicle-related information. The premium audio system manufacturer shifted from Sony to Bang & Olufsen, with SiriusXM satellite radio becoming standard for the XLT trim.
For 2019, the top-line Limited trim received the powertrain of the Raptor, with a restyled dual exhaust; the Limited also gained a model-specific Camel Back interior color for 2019.
F-150 XLT SuperCab rear, showing new tailgate
2018 F-150 Lariat SuperCrew FX4
For the 2015 model year, the F-150 model line underwent several revisions, largely to consolidate the number of trim offerings. Most visibly, the Raptor was withdrawn (put on hiatus until 2017 to complete its development), with the Tremor and Harley-Davidson special editions discontinued. The STX, FX2, and FX4 were also discontinued as free-standing trim levels; in a revision, the features of the STX reappeared as a stand-alone option package for 2016, with the suspension features of the FX4 becoming an option package on all 4×4 trims (except the Limited and Raptor).
The thirteenth-generation F-Series follows traditional Ford truck nomenclature with XL, XLT, and Lariat trims; along with the Super Duty line, the F-150 also has premium King Ranch, Platinum, and Limited trims (the Raptor is exclusive to the F-150).
- King Ranch
- Limited (MY 2016–2020)
- Raptor (from 2017)
Main article: Ford Raptor
Following a two-year hiatus, the F-150 Raptor sub-model made its return for the 2017 model year, with the loss of its previous SVT prefix. As with its predecessor, the 2017 Raptor is an off-road oriented vehicle produced in SuperCab and SuperCrew configurations with a model-exclusive 5.5-ft pickup bed. The model continues its lack of a Ford Blue Oval grille badge, with "F-O-R-D" spelled across the center of the grille.
As with a standard Ford F-150, the Raptor is an aluminum-intensive vehicle; though built upon a steel frame, nearly all its body panels are built using aluminum (reducing curb weight by nearly 500 lb (227 kg) over an equivalent 2014 SVT Raptor). In place of the 411 hp (306 kW) 6.2 L V8, the new Raptor features a 3.5 L twin-turbo EcoBoost V6 paired with an industry-first 10-speed automatic transmission. The new engine improves the horsepower by 39 hp (29 kW) to 450 hp (336 kW), and increases the torque from the old engine to 510 lb⋅ft (691 N⋅m) of torque.
To improve its off-road ability over a standard F-150, the Raptor is fitted with a torque-on-demand transfer case, 13 in (33 cm) travel front and 13.9 in (35 cm) travel rear Fox Racing suspension, and all-terrain 35" tires and wheels.
For 2019, the Raptor gets a new Trail Control system, optional Recaro sport bucket seats and FOX 3.0 Internal Bypass shock absorbers with Live Valve Technology.
The 2019 F-150 truck has earned a five-star overall IIHS crash rating.
On October 18, 2017 Ford recalled 1.3 million 2015–2017 Ford F-150 and 2017 Ford Super Duty pickups due to door latches that can freeze in cold climates, causing the door to not open or close properly.
On September 6, 2018 Ford recalled approximately 2 million 2015–2018 Ford F-150 Regular Cab and SuperCrew models worldwide because front seatbelt pre-tensioners can generate excessive sparks and possibly cause a fire in the event of a collision.
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Ford made quite the splash at the 2014 Detroit auto show with its all-new F-150 pickup, and a big part of the truck’s lightning rod effect can be traced to its nearly all-aluminum construction. The truck’s aluminum cab and bed are unprecedented in the full-size pickup segment, and it is the first instance of so much of the lightweight metal being used in such a high-volume product. This has folks asking a lot of questions—and Ford working tirelessly to answer them—mostly about the truck’s durability and performance. While we can’t fully speak to that topic until we test one for ourselves, we can tell you 10 things about the F-150 we bet you didn’t already know:
Marc Urbano and the Manufacturer
1. You’ve Already Seen It
If you watched the 2013 Baja 1000 off-road race, you’ve already seen the 2015 F-150. Not ringing a bell? Good—that’s exactly what Ford was going for. Those tricky devils over in Dearborn looked at the Baja 1000 and thought, boy, would it ever make a good torture test for the 2015 F-150. But they couldn’t let people actually see the 2015 F-150. In perhaps the most clever camouflage job ever, Ford stamped a current F-150 body out of aluminum and fitted that to the 2015 model’s new chassis, installed the new 2.7-liter EcoBoost V-6, and went racing.
2. When Ford Says It’s Aluminum, It Means It
More than 90 percent of the F-150’s cab is aluminum, and the bed is entirely aluminum. That’s a lot of aluminum. The only notable steel components in the truck are the door latches and hinges, body rivets, mounting studs for fitting bolt-on parts, the cross-door side-impact beams, the majority of the firewall, and, of course, the frame. The steel firewall, by the way, is used because steel has optimal noise, vibration, and harshness–quelling characteristics; Ford’s piece uses two bits of steel with a damping material sandwiched between them.
3. It’s Ready to Plow . . . Snow
The outgoing F-150 came with electric power steering in every model save those that came with the now-discontinued 6.2-liter V-8 engine. It turns out, this wasn’t the ideal setup for guys intent on using their F-150 for plowing snow. Ford actually issued a technical service bulletin for 2011-and-up F-150s with electric power steering that warns against using those models with plows. Essentially, since the EPAS setup already draws a lot of electrical power, adding a plow and requisite electric pump for its hydraulic knickknacks could overload the system and result in a degradation in charging system performance (i.e., electrical stuff will stop working). For 2015, Ford’s come up with a new Plow Prep package for F-150s (with EPAS) equipped with the 5.0-liter V-8. The automaker hasn’t fully detailed the kit yet, but says it will allow owners to fit a plow and not worry about their electrical system sneezing.
4. That Spoiler Isn’t a Spoiler, Well, Sort Of
Look closely at the F-150’s tailgate, and it almost looks as though it’s sporting a vestigial ducktail spoiler. Thing is, that metal protrusion stamped into the aluminum tailgate isn’t the spoiler. It in fact is just a stylized mounting apparatus for the actual spoiler, which is a super subtle plastic lip that protrudes from the trailing edge of the tailgate. Ford tells us that the spoiler wasn’t as effective when it was mounted flush with the face of the tailgate, so engineers extended it a few inches rearward and recorded cleaner wind-tunnel results.
5. Think An Aluminum Pickup Bed Isn’t Durable? Think Again
One of the F-150’s more surprising features is its fully aluminum bed. Aluminum is a softer and less-dense metal than steel, with a yield strength that’s 42 percent lower, and the question on everyone’s minds is whether it can handle the abuse pickup beds are subjected to. Ford tells us that the aluminum it uses for the inside of the bed is a thicker gauge than the steel it used to use, resulting not only in a lighter-weight unit, but one with better ding and dent resistance than a steel bed.
6. Sweet Tech, Straight Outta 2007 Toyota
The F-150 will offer a damped tailgate, as many trucks have for some time. Even Ford’s approach this time around isn’t as new as perhaps the company would like us to believe, as we were told the Blue Oval took its inspiration from the 2007 Toyota Tundra’s mechanism, which means the F-150’s tailgate gets both a spring and a gas strut to help smooth its operation.
7. EcoBoost Models Can Haz a Centered Front License Plate?
If you’re from a state that requires front license plates, you might be wondering why every EcoBoost-powered F-150 you see wears its front plate offset to one side of the bumper. Well, the plate isn’t centered because it would cover a key cooling slot for the engine compartment—but Ford has fixed this for 2015. Thanks to increased engine cooling, Ford is moving the plate back to the center of the bumper, where it lives on non-EcoBoost F-150s. We happen to think offset front plates look kind of cool, but we’ll have to get our fix elsewhere now.
8. The Rear Window Is Born from Lasers
One of the F-150’s slicker features is its near-flush-fitting sliding rear window. On other pickups equipped with opening rear windows—the outgoing F-150 included—the glass is bisected by a pair of pillars that support the sliding window mechanism. This technology hasn’t changed in decades, and while it works, it doesn’t look that good. The 2015 F-150’s rear window, on the other hand, appears to “float” within the rear glass, thanks to a sliding mechanism mounted inside the truck away from view. The rear window opening is laser cut, and all bystanders see is the window, some weatherstripping, and the sliding window that sits almost flush with the surrounding glass.
9. It Doesn’t Just “Bolt Together”
Assembling full aluminum vehicles requires a unique process relative to steel-bodied rides, and the F-150 is no different. Although Ford won’t go into specifics about how it builds its new truck, we were able to ascertain generalities about the process. Unsurprisingly, Ford’s process of fitting body panels involves a combination of riveting and gluing, as well as some welding.
10. There Won’t Be an Unpainted, Bare-Aluminum Model
One of aluminum’s more appealing properties, besides being lightweight, is its resistance to corrosion and rust—and looking really cool when left bare and unpainted. Mix these two capabilities together, and you could have one bad-ass-looking unpainted F-150. We of course asked Ford whether it was thinking of such a model, perhaps as a special edition, and were told flat-out “no.” That’s okay, we can strip paint ourselves . . .
READ MORE:Will Aluminum 2015 Ford F-150 Cost More to Insure or Repair? The Experts Say . . .
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UPDATE: Replacement Body Panels Prices For the 2015 Ford F-150 and Ram 1500 Differ Dramatically
To put that price into perspective, the same body panel costs $854.93 for a 2014 model year. That is quite a big difference between generations. If that wasn’t enough of a shock, you might want to know that $545 is how much a 2014 Ram 1500 SLT’s front door costs. Additionally, a door costs $475.92 for a 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 in LT guise and $869.50 for a 2014 Toyota Tundra Crewmax. Need I say more?
It’s ludicrous how much money an owner needs to spend in order to repair a 2015 F-150. That’s $166.02 over a generation! If you happen to need a new fender, that’s $354.78 for both the 2015 and 2014 model year. However, only $179 is the price for one that fits the 2014 Ram 1500 SLT. In the previously mentioned publication’s report, the same pricing trend applies to replacing the hood.
Of course, there is a good reason why F-Series replacement parts prices have gone up with the 2015 model year. First and foremost, aluminum is harder to form into a body panel than steel, and secondly, this material requires special repair techniques, equipment and training. Last but not last, I need to mention that labor costs haven’t been taken into consideration by the aforementioned report...
UPDATE: Mike Levine, Ford Motor Company Truck Communications Manager, reached autoevolution and informed us that "in most cases, #2015F150 exterior parts are priced identically to the outgoing 2014 F-150." Check the attached image in the tweet below for more information:
F150 door 2015
.Here's what it's been like to own a Ford F150 for the past two years
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